Record sound currently playing to file using ALSA

http://vince-debian.blogspot.com/2011/06/record-sound-currently-playing-to-file.html

Record sound currently playing to file using ALSA

I've been wondering for a long time about how to record sound which is currently being played on the computer. I know the ALSA framework is powerful enough to do that, and today just proved me so (at least to some extent). It turns out that it's pretty trivial using the file PCM plugin; all you need is a stanza like this in your $HOME/.asoundrc file:


pcm.save {
    type file
    format wav
    slave.pcm front 
    # my main PCM is called front
    file output.wav
}



Afterwards, you can use this save PCM with the tools that understand it, such as aplay or mplayer:

~> aplay -Dsave stuff.wav 
~> mplayer -ao alsa:device=save stuff.wav 
 
 
(for xine users, you may want to have a look at the audio.device.alsa_front_device configuration element).
Funnier, though, is the possibility to use it with programs that don't provide such an easy way to change that, (say, the flash player in a browser ?) via the use of the default PCM specification in $HOME/.asoundrc:

 pcm.!default save
 
After that, all programs using the default PCM will save the sound they play as a save.wav file in their current directory - but nothing stops you from specifiying an absolute directory. Better yet, you may apparently use pipes in stead of the file name, à la popen.